文献详情
Brain Networks of Explicit and Implicit Learning
文献类型期刊
作者Yang, Jing[1];Li, Ping[2]
机构
通讯作者Yang, J (reprint author), Penn State Univ, Dept Psychol, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.
2012
期刊名称PLOS ONE影响因子和分区
7
8
增刊正刊
学科综合性期刊
收录情况SSCI(WOS:000308221300009)  
所属部门外国语言学及应用语言学研究中心;英语教育学院
语言外文
ISSN1932-6203
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0042993
被引频次16
人气指数1939
浏览次数1934
基金U.S. National Science Foundation [BCS1057855]; Partnership for International Research and Education Program [OISE-0968369]; National Key Research Center for Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies
摘要Are explicit versus implicit learning mechanisms reflected in the brain as distinct neural structures, as previous research indicates, or are they distinguished by brain networks that involve overlapping systems with differential connectivity? In this functional MRI study we examined the neural correlates of explicit and implicit learning of artificial grammar sequences. Using effective connectivity analyses we found that brain networks of different connectivity underlie the two types of learning: while both processes involve activation in a set of cortical and subcortical structures, explicit learners engage a network that uses the insula as a key mediator whereas implicit learners evoke a direct frontal-striatal network. Individual differences in working memory also differentially impact the two types of sequence learning.
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